Thursday, June 20, 2024

How is the virus (COVID-19) Transmitted? – Vaccine, Treatment, Prevent the Disease

How is the virus transmitted?

It’s likely that the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) originated in an animal species, and then spread to humans.

Person to person spread of the novel corona virus is reported, but it is not yet understood how easily this happens.

Other human coronavirus strains are spread from person to person through contaminated droplets from a person who is sick with the illness (through coughing or sneezing) or contaminated hands.

Is there a vaccine against the novel coronvirus?

Currently, there are no available vaccine that protects against Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Is there any treatment for Coronavirus Disease?

There is no specific treatment. It is a mainly supportive treatment that aims at reducing symptoms.

Ways to prevent the disease

Wash Your Hands For 20sec

Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

Cover Nose & Mouth When Sneezing

Cover coughs and sneezes with tissues.

Use Sanitizer

Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

Avoid Crowded Places (Social Distancing)

As an individual, you can lower your risk of infection by reducing your rate of contact with other people. Avoiding public spaces and unnecessary social gatherings, especially events with large numbers of people or crowds, will lower the chance that you will be exposed to the coronavirus as well as to other infectious diseases like flu.

Avoid Contact With Sick People

Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness.

How to prepare for staying at home


  • Soap

It’s the best way to wash up (and much easier to find than hand sanitizer).

  • Disposable gloves

For handling things that might be contaminated. Do not wash or reuse.

  • Disinfectant wipes

Look for products with active ingredients such as quaternary ammonium, sodium hypochlorite, or hydrogen peroxide.

  • Towels, clean linens

Or anything else you might need more of as cleaning habits change.


  • Supplies of shelf-stable food

Beans, rice, flour, and canned items: enough for a couple of weeks, if access to grocery stores is limited.

  • Coffee or tea

Or other everyday “necessities.”

  • A first aid kit

Hospitals may be overwhelmed, so you’ll want to be able to treat minor problems at home.

  • 90 days of medication

The CDC recommends stocking up on prescriptions, so contact your doctor.


  • Yarn, art supplies, or other hobby items

It’s a good time to dive into an activity you can do at home. Morale matters!

  • Things for working from home

From a desk chair to a mouse, it’s better to have the tools for your job if it’s possible to work remotely.

  • Electronics and, potentially, spare parts

If your phone or computer breaks, it’s an inconvenience in the best of times. Right now, it might be more than that, if stores aren’t open to get a replacement.

  • Games for family time

If you’ve got kids at home, you’ll need distractions!


  • Medication for reducing a fever, like acetaminophen (Tylenol).
  • A thermometer for monitoring a fever.
  • Cough and cold medication Including cough drops and lozenges, cough syrups like Dayquil/Nyquil, and decongestants like Sudafed.
  • A humidifier can also help with a cough that makes it tough to sleep.
  • Rehydration solutions Pedialyte or Gatorade works, but you can make it at home with a liter of drinking water, a scoop of sugar, and a pinch of salt. Plain water or other liquids also work for mild dehydration in adults.
Teodora Torrendo
Teodora Torrendo
Teodora Torrendo is an investigative journalist and is a correspondent for European Union. She is based in Zurich in Switzerland and her field of work include covering human rights violations which take place in the various countries in and outside Europe. She also reports about the political situation in European Union. She has worked with some reputed companies in Europe and is currently contributing to USA News as a freelance journalist. As someone who has a Masters’ degree in Human Rights she also delivers lectures on Intercultural Management to students of Human Rights. She is also an authority on the Arab world politics and their diversity.

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