A new educational paradigm is being adopted by the school as a result of the reorganization of social interactions. Knowledge-based cognitive technologies for teaching and rearing have been superseded by a personality-oriented paradigm of cognition improvement and development. The second-generation state educational standards were implemented at the primary school. The new standard’s primary purpose is to facilitate the development of Russian education, the improvement of educational quality, and the achievement of new educational outcomes.
An essential part of education reform is defining the essence and core components of today’s educational outcomes in order to assure quality. Additionally, this is controlled by the technical efficiency of the school’s instructional process. Learning outcomes may be measured with the use of innovative educational technology. Of course modern world allows student to pay for a research paper and not care about how to do it themselves, but in academic society the understanding of basic rules of conducting a research and describing it later is extremely important. Consequently, educational material is directed by the so-called “basic core” of the educational program (a guideline for the collection of knowledge, methods of activity, without which it is impossible to imagine a full-fledged person today). The same educational outcomes can be reached by altering the instructional material.
WHAT ARE RESEARCH SKILLS?
The relationship between abilities and talents has long been a source of debate in the fields of psychology and education. It is the question of which is more significant, abilities or talents, that is the source of the most heated debate. That point of view, which appreciates skills developed via the process of translating (exteriorizing) existent information and talents into concrete actions, leaves us more impressed.
Education-related skills are comprised of four elements: identifying research topics, defining goals and objectives, formulating hypotheses for testing them, and carrying out experiments. Use of source materials, observation and analysis of educational events, formulation of hypotheses, design and conduct of an experiment, formalization and summarization of data, and so on are all examples of what is required.
STAGES OF RESEARCH
The combination of this strategy and our individual experiences as scientific study guides for students resulted in the identification of seven stages of their educational research.
- The selection of a specific field of expertise in which the study will be conducted is essential.
- “Immersion in the subject matter” (analysis of theoretical sources and practice).
- Determination of the research’s significance is the first step (contradictions, problem, leading idea of solving the problem).
- Determination of the methodological features (also known as parameters) of the study project (object, subject, goal, objectives, hypothesis, research novelty, practical significance).
- Carry out any type of experiment that is required.
- Registration of research results.
- Discussion and defense of scientific research results.
The learner will require certain abilities at each step of their education. Some of the most relevant talents (methods) for each of the phases of development were identified as follows: Empirical (applied at the V stage of the following) scientific research skills, information, theoretical expertise, methodological expertise, and oral and writing communication expertise.
Students are taught how to do their own research in today’s educational environment, which is highly valued. For an educational system to remain competitive, it must adopt research-based teaching practices in order to keep up with the rapidly changing world of information. It must also maintain control over its own pedagogical process in order to maintain its relevance. A working knowledge of the capacity to do research is essential for conventional forms of intermediate and final academic performance that are a component of the academic curriculum, such as control and test tasks, to be successful.
THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECT
The urge for exploratory exploration in a youngster is defined by biology, and the infant is born with the characteristics of a researcher. Children’s conduct has long been seen to be characterized by an insatiable thirst for new impressions, curiosity, a persistent drive to watch and explore, and a desire to seek out new facts about the world on their own. Research activity is the natural condition of a youngster; he is tuned in to cognition of the universe, and he desires to cognize it as much as possible. That which motivates proper conduct and sets the conditions for the child’s mental growth to emerge first as a process of self-development is the child’s inner drive for research.
Exploratory conduct may be thought of as a response to a circumstance in which there is a lot of ambiguity. It becomes actualized when typical, stereotyped conduct fails to provide the intended outcome. The manifestations of exploratory behavior are certainly triggered by such conditions; nonetheless, the primary cause for this conduct is driven by a deep, internal, biological in nature desire of the human mind.
Intellectual and creative activity that takes the shape of research is known as research activity since it is based on the process of search activity. When a person is seeking in an uncertain environment, their search activity and behavior are influenced by the fact that they are searching, and their search activity and behavior define the external context of their functioning. Motivating factors (search activity) and implementation methods are naturally included in the definition of research behavior. Divergent and convergent thinking play a key part in their success. This is a precondition for the successful execution of exploratory behavior in uncertain conditions.
As with any other skill or ability, finding and implementing the right circumstances is essential to the development of research skills and abilities.
- Purposefulness and consistency
In the classroom and in extracurricular activities, students should be continually working to improve their research abilities. Using content from literary reading, arithmetic, and Russian language classes, as well as other courses, teachers may help students develop their research skills and talents.
It’s essential to assist pupils understand the significance of their creative endeavors. As a means of self-development and self-improvement, study should be viewed as a chance to discover one’s own qualities and capacities.
- Mental comfort
Inspiring students to use their imaginations is a key responsibility of the instructor.
Students’ openness to fresh ideas. It is vital that they be not afraid of making mistakes or giving harsh feedback. Teachers should inspire pupils’ passions, intuition, and creative ideas rather than stifle them. “You did it improperly,” “You do the wrong thing (wrong)” stifle the will to strive and progress. To identify and respect each child’s unique gifts and attributes.
- Considering age characteristics
Given the age of the pupils, it is critical to consider their psychological qualities. The research itself should be viable, entertaining, and valuable to youngsters.