in 2018, the sea level has risen exceptionally strongly. The global average was, according to the world meteorological organization (WMO) to about 3.7 mm above the value of 2017. The average increase since 1993, amounts to 3.15 mm per year.
“give The data contained in this report is a matter of great concern,” writes UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, in a in New York presented the report of the WMO.
Thus for the last four years have been the warmest since records began. The global average temperature at the surface was in the year 2018, approximately a degree centigrade above the reference value for the preindustrial time. “To Hesitate is no time,” said Guterres.
The report was a “Wake-up call,” said Guterres in a press conference in New York, and warned specifically against the consequences of climate change for the health of the people. “The combination of extreme heat and air pollution is increasingly hazardous, especially where heat waves will be longer, more intense and more frequent.”
The WMO report, to have the numerous experts from around the world, as well as various UN-contributed institutions, deals with extreme weather events, including the recent cyclone “Idai”. This had led to last weekend’s Flooding in Parts of Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi in southeastern Africa. “He could be one of the most deadly weather-related disasters in the southern hemisphere,” said the WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas.
The WMO report also deals inter alia with the following climate change impacts:
DISPLACEMENT: Of the 17.7 million internal refugees, the International organization for Migration (IOM), the tracked, had to leave until September of 2018 of two million people because of disasters, in conjunction with the weather and the climate of your home. Such as droughts, Floods and severe storms.
HEAT, air quality AND HEALTH:Due to climate change heat to take waves: The number of affected people increased from 2000 to 2016 estimated 125 million. This is mainly due to the fact that heat waves lasting an average of 0.37 days longer than in the period between 1986 and 2008. Experts expect that such events in the frequency, strength and duration will continue to increase.
ocean heat:in 2018, there were new record values for the so-called heat content of the oceans in the upper 700 meters, and in the upper 2000 meters of the waters. According to the report, more than 90 percent of the as a result of global warming, the additional energy going into the oceans. The heat content of the oceans is a measure of the Energy build-up.
glacier decline:According to preliminary analysis by the world glacier monitoring service (WGMS) glacier mass in the water economy year 2017/18 31. Times in a row removed. The water management year, usually deviates from the calendar year, to the balance of the year of the rainfall record. This includes, for example, the melt water of the previous winter.