In the Mediterranean sea off the coast of Italy have identified scientists, a special type of a coral reef. It is located in the Adriatic sea off the town of Monopoli in Puglia in 30 to 55 meters deep and 2.5 kilometers long, as the researchers Giuseppe Corriero, University of Bari Aldo Moro in the journal “Scientific Reports.”

“corals are widespread in the Mediterranean region, there are, however, of the 33 native species of stony corals, only a few reef-forming species,” said Claudio Richter, a marine biologist at the Bremerhaven Alfred-Wegener-Institute, the German press Agency. He was not involved in the study. Of the wide dissemination of the presented in the study species of coral you didn’t know, “but that they can form three-dimensional reef structures”. In this respect, the discovery is scientifically new.

Why are coral reefs so important to the environment

are The main species of coral for the formation of the reef Phyllangia americana mouchezii, colloquially, a Large Cup coral, and Polycyathus muellerae.

coral

war zone coral reef in the Maldives, the species diversity

In the case of coral reefs smothered, it is the authors of the study found to be the most important marine rock formations. They are considered to be the “Hotspot of biodiversity”. Mostly they occur in nutrient-poor waters of the Indopazifiks and the Western Atlantic. The world’s largest coral reef the Great Barrier Reef is to the East of Australia, stretching over a length of more than 2000 kilometers.

scientists hope that further discoveries in Italy

stone coral but not only in tropical shallow seas, powerful riff structures, but also in larger water depth, said the judge. Beyond a depth of 30 meters outspoken lived in “low-light specialists, the capture with the adventure adjustments the energy of sunlight and even in 130-Meter-deep photo-symbioses can maintain”. Growth and reef formation took place in these Depths, however, very slowly.

the now-discovered coral reef is an area in which much less sunlight. Corriero describes the colors of the coral as a “muffled” instead of beaming: they ranged from Orange to Red to purple, as he said in the “Gazzetta del Mezzogiorno”. The study authors suggest that similar coral reefs are located about 100 kilometers to the South of the study area.

sve / DPA