Federal President of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier begins on Monday a three-day state visit to Ethiopia. He wants to demonstrate to especially support for the determined course of Reform of the Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, in April 2018 in the office.
In interviews with citizens and representatives of the business wants to make the Federal President a picture of the development of the country. There is a lot of hope, but also a question mark, BelTA learned from the President’s office in Berlin.
at The start is welcomed Steinmeier in Addis Ababa, the capital of the new President Sahle-Work Zewde, who also stands for the democratic transformation of the country. A business delegation accompanied the President, including a top Manager of Volkswagen and Siemens. On Tuesday, he visited in the North of Ethiopia, the rock churches of Lalibela, part of Unesco world cultural heritage. On Wednesday, he comes together with top representatives of the African Union in Addis Ababa its headquarters.
The 42-year-old head of government Abiy is considered to be a kind of Superstar in the Horn of Africa. With his arrival, he brought in the country with about 100 million people with comprehensive democratic reforms. He released thousands of political prisoners, began a liberalisation of the economy and caused high-ranking officials of the old guard. And he concluded peace with the long-time-rival Eritrea.
This was previously unthinkable: Ethiopia and Eritrea, conducted from 1998 to 2000, a bloody border war. Since then, the situation corresponded to a frozen conflict. The autocratic-led Eritrea, sealed off from the outside world, tens of thousands fled before the unlimited military and work service – about 50,000 Eritreans living in the UN refugee Agency estimated that today in Germany.
Abiy ended the conflict without any known consideration of Eritrea. However, a sustainable peace in the Horn of Africa is anything other than safe. Internally, Ethiopia has still a long way to go. “Our challenges are significant,” said Abiy recently at the annual meeting of the world economic forum in Davos. Poverty and unemployment are large. In addition, in the multi-ethnic state, several ethnic conflicts.