chest high-the black plastic bags are stacked on the Deck of the “USCGC Tampa”. A total of twelve tons of cocaine was seized by the U.S. coast guard in the first three months of the year off the coasts of Mexico, Central America and South America. Now is deleted in Miami the charge. “If we took the drugs by the ton on the sea fog, we don’t have to search for the kilo on the streets of Miami,” says Vice Admiral Daniel Abel. Police and drug smugglers in Central America for decades, a cat-and-mouse game.
again and again confiscate the security authorities of large cocaine shipments, but according to a new U.S. study in the “Proceedings” of the US Academy of Sciences (“PNAS”) is the only one drop on the hot stone. “Our work shows that supply-side Anti-drug strategies alone is, at best, ineffective and, at worst, the Problem of the drug trade intensify even more,” says study leader Nicholas Magliocca from the University of Alabama, according to a message.
New smuggling routes quickly arise
Together with colleagues, he has developed a computer model of NarcoLogic. It shows that crime syndicates react to the Interception of drug shipments quickly and their smuggling routes change. As a result, the for the smuggling of drugs used areas increase, which, in turn, the Detection and fitting of further deliveries took more difficult.
The example of Panama, the scientists make it clear that the cocaine shipments from Colombia were formerly handled by relatively few nodes. As the police confiscated there poison more and more noise, from the drug dealers on new routes. By each node point less cocaine, the total volume remains the same, however. “We need to understand the adaptability of drug traffickers, through the confiscation of concentrated Anti-drug strategy to get over,” says Magliocca.
On a ship from the German port
Australian police three tons of drugs
DPA More of cocaine, in spite of more countermeasures
The seizure of drugs is one of the most important pillars of the US drug policy. With $ 4.7 billion, 18 percent of the total fins last expenditure for Anti-drug measures in this area. The attempt of smuggling through raids or seizures to stop in Central America, it can still be considered to have failed respected, as more and more cocaine is entering the United States.
the Problem is Intensified by the fact that more and more cocaine is produced. The area of cultivation of Coca plants in the main producing countries of Colombia, Peru and Bolivia increased, according to the last available data of the United Nations office for drugs and crime (UNDOC) in 2016 compared to the previous year by 36 percent to 213 000 hectares. The increase is expected to have to do, among other things, that in Colombia, the authorities may, after a court decision of Coca fields with plant destruction means to destroy.
people in the regions suffer from drug conflict
The global cocaine production rose by 25 percent to 1410 tonnes of pure cocaine. Were seized 1129 tons of cocaine, however, in a stretched Form. The two Figures are therefore not comparable. How much cocaine is really on the black market in the USA and Europe ends up is unclear.
Only eleven percent of the world’s seized cocaine is found in Central America. In the study described alternative effects are likely to be in the future even more difficult to achieve spectacular finds. Because the larger the area is, the more difficult Monitoring is.
When the police lead inserts to the smuggling routes of the drug traffickers to expand their area of operation continue to suffer in addition, more and more people in the affected areas under the accompaniments of illegal business. “This expansion leads to a whole series of Collateral-damage”, – stated in the study. “Where drugs are smuggled, there is often violence and corruption, expropriation of lands and the destruction of the environment.”
to bring, as Long as there is a demand for cocaine and the drug trafficking that yields enormous profits, the cartels continue to be a way of the fabric to the consumer. The model NarcoLogic could help in the future, staff and resources in the fight against drug trafficking more efficient. Magliocca and his Team write: “We provide a tool to test different policy approaches and their possible impact on the behavior of the drug dealers and the Collateral damage of the military Anti-drug war to predict.”