More than half of all weapons exports from the U.S. defense factories passed in the last five years in the Middle East.
As the Stockholm peace research Institute Sipri in a Monday report published in the ice, increased the United States its global arms exports in the years 2014 to 2018, compared to the previous five years of 29 percent. Thus, over a third (36 per cent) came from exports of all international Arms from the United States.
“The US has consolidated its Position as the world’s leading weapons supplier,” said the Sipri arms expert Aude Fleurant. They had weapons such as fighter jets, short-range missiles and Lenkbomben in at least 98 countries, and thus, much more than other exporters supplied. In view of the order was to be assumed that these will remain in the near future the export of US arms industry figures for combat aircraft. By the end of 2018 891 fighter jets were, therefore, on the US-order lists.
in the World increased, the total volume of imports and exports in the five-year-on-year by 7.8 percent. Place two behind the USA on the export side Russia, albeit with ever increasing distance. Among other things, due to fewer orders from India and Venezuela, the Russian exports has dropped compared to the same period of 2009 to 2013 to 17 percent, according to Sipri.
In contrast, the French (43 per cent) and German (13 percent) were to grow exports by double digits. Germany’s main customers were South Korea, Greece and Israel, especially on German ships and U-boats interest. China is on rank five of the exporters recorded a moderate growth of 2.7 percent.
On the other side of the trade, the countries of the Middle East have increased its Import of arms by a whopping 87 percent. Among the main of this is the mutual distrust between Iran and Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, on the other hand, as well as the Yemen war had reasons. Weapons from the United States, Britain and France were in conflict – and tension-filled Gulf region very much in demand, said Sipri specialist Pieter Wezeman. Saudi Arabia alone has increased its imports, according to Sipri, by 192 percent, which replaced India as the largest importer of Arms. It is Egypt, Australia and Algeria to follow.
The German government had stopped in November 2018, as a reaction to the killing of the government is critical of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi all arms exports to Saudi Arabia. Federal foreign Minister Heiko Maas had made a cancellation of the delivery prohibition, the last-of progress in the peace process for the Yemen.
“countries need to take responsibility, as Germany has done in the case of Saudi Arabia,” said Wezeman of the German press Agency. It is extremely important that really is clear why countries got weapons, and why other countries they exported. There is a need for more discussions about it. “There are too many open questions.”
Berlin had approved of 2018 almost a quarter less arms exports than in the previous year. The German armaments industry had to accept in order for the third year in a row a decrease in the export permits. A growth there in 2015.
Despite the in November imposed Export ban in Saudi Arabia to 2018, still counted among the best customers of the German arms industry, with export permits to the value of 416 million euros. Also for Algeria and Pakistan to 2018 export permits in the three-digit million range were issued.
The Sipri researchers in their Reports of long-term international Trends, their values are sized according to the volume, the financial value of arms Deals. That 2018 was a little less in – and exported than in the previous years, keeps Wezeman for any trend change. “This is not significant. If we have in 2019, the same Level as in 2018, then we can ask ourselves whether this is really a Trend.”