in 1604 written rule prevents a third Brexit vote in the British house of Commons: Sir Edward Phelips, Speaker of the House of Commons from 1604 to 1611.

©Public Domain

Who would have thought that Sir Edward Phelips would be important for the Brexit? He himself certainly not, because the man had even a remote idea what could be a European Union. But Sir Edward was more than 400 years ago (!) what John Bercow is now the Speaker of the British house of Commons, the House of Commons. Probably Phelips of the deputies at the time, similar to Bercow today, during the debates, with a distinctive “Order!” to the order called. For sure, however, is that Sir Edward held nothing of over one and the same thing again and again to the vote. Because that’s what he wrote on 2. In April 1604, which now almost exactly 415 years, or even more precisely 151.461 days later, on 20. March 2019, a third vote on a Deal from the Prime Minister Theresa May to the UK leaving the EU will prevent – with all that may follow from it.

The British have no written Constitution. Even more important is what would have kept the carrier and the incumbent in the past centuries to the guidelines and rules in writing. Sir Edward once wrote, is recorded in a standard work on “parliamentary practice” (after its original author, in short, “Erskine May”): “A motion or an Amendment that is Substantially the same as a question which has been decided during a session may not be submitted in the same session again.” And more: “Whether the second request is Essentially the same as the first, is the responsibility of the chair (English: “for the chair”, which the Speaker refers is likely to be sitting on the “chair” at the head of the Parliament chamber). So the “1604”, to which John Bercow now is, if he refuses to re-Brexit-British vote in the house.

1604 – a completely different world

in 1604. That was really another world. The achievements (and problems) of industrialization and mechanization that define our lives today, were gone. Most people in Europe lived in rural extended families, which supplied itself, but also serfs. The few noble families controlled the Rest of the population. This was mostly uneducated, so that superstition and fear of anything Unknown prevailed. The Catholic Church fired this, in addition, by fanning in sermons, the fear of the devil and witches and the people of the Institution and the Faith band. With resounding success: In General, the devil was regarded as a real existing Person.

at the same time the devil and witches were used as scapegoats. Were used, because the times for the agriculture dependent people were particularly hard. Not least because of the climatic conditions. It was in the midst of a period that is today referred to as the “little ice age”. It was very common to crop failures, the more expensive the food. In addition, the feudal lords demanded additional payments in order to secure their wealth. The solidified the great poverty in which most people lived their lives – always threatened by the diseases that spread due to lack of Hygiene quickly – to stop by a most helpless of medicine, said that, due to a lack of sterility and ineffective methods of treatment to get worse, much worse.


President of Parliament, Bercow power of government by

DPA King Jacob and the Parliament

And politically? As Sir Edward Phelips wrote to his parliamentary rule, was Queen Elisabeth I. just one year dead. Still, it was the Kingdom very well, the “virgin Queen” embossed Elizabethan era, but as an economic, cultural and political flowering time in the history of England. The Power had been transferred to James I, son of Mary Stuart, was suspected to be an assassination attempt on Elizabeth I have been involved for treason. King Jacob is said to have, in the ongoing conflict with the Parliament stood – perhaps it was his suggestion that Sir Edward driven to write a “1604” rule. Both Jacob and the Parliament, were, by the way, in 1605, the target of the assassination attempt by Guy Fawkes – whose face is set for the masks of today’s Web-guerrilla Anonymous.

In Europe was raging at the time, the 80-year-old war, in which a predecessor of today’s Netherlands (“Republic of the seven United provinces”) won independence from Spain (to 1648). 19. August moved back to England from the conflict by abandoning the Treaty of London of his support for the Dutchman. Thus, the since the age of 19, raging part of ended a war with Spain. Still a further significant Episode of the 80-year war ended in 1604, and on 20. September: Spanish troops granted to a Dutch garrison the deduction from the now-Ostend, Belgium – after three years of siege! Tens of thousands had come before it in the present-day seaside resort, killed.

“Order, Order”

The bizarre customs of the British house of Commons – and what they mean

Here there is a real front – and backbenchers, in a Royal ceremony, staff, and unpleasant “whip”: Welcome in the British house of Commons. We explain some of the bizarre traditions.

DPA event of the year: Kepler’s Supernova

An event but it overwhelmed 1604 literally all of the other – and although it was a celestial event, there is a close relation to Germany. On 9. In October, a new star appeared suddenly, lit up for almost a year – for each of the visible – the sky in a strange way. He is known today as “Kepler’s star”, named after the famous German astronomer Johannes Kepler, who first described the orbits of the planets around the sun (“Kepler’s law”). Although Kepler had discovered the “new star”, but only eight days later observed, however, he wrote immediately to the first correct description of the phenomenon in the German language. Astronomers now speak more accurately of “Kepler’s Supernova”, because if it was, what to flash at the time: a star explosion in 20,000 light-years away from earth. To date, no other Supernova has been observed in the milky way.

“1604” rule for the British house of Commons, however, is in the meantime applied wordem. Last nearly a century ago by John Bercows officesvorgänger James Lowther, later Viscount Ullswater. He should have used the rule, even a dozen Times. Apparently, the man had every reason to worry in this house. Because Lowther is also become as a “Speaker” that has established the three Golden rules for parliamentarians: “Stand up! Speak up! Shut up!” (roughly: “get Up! Loud and clear talk! Shut up!”)

sources: “The National”, “The Guardian”, “parliament.uk, Youtube, the city of Bamberg”, “was-war-wann.de”