some of the visitors, in their homes, the people North of the Arctic circle, can do without. Polar bears, for example. On the Russian island of Novaya Zemlya in this Winter so many of them that the authorities have sounded the Alarm.
Russian experts to advise on how the residents permanently. Researchers in Germany believe that it could, in the future, come more frequently to such meetings.
It had occurred in the past from time to time, that polar bears in the Wild, but on garbage dumps have been looking for food, says marine ecologist, Hauke Flores, Alfred-Wegener-Institute in Bremerhaven. “But there is an increasing number of such cases is strongly related to climate change.”
So the access to food for polar bears is getting harder to get. Ten years ago, the water was frozen in the Winter, the double-island. “Because the bears were able to walk well on the ice.” In the winter months, there is no permanent ice cover is more problematic for the predators.
The white bears need pack ice to be able to ever seal catching, explained in a polar bear expert Sybille Klenze village of the environmental protection organization WWF. Without ice floes, you will not come to the mammals, they feed mainly. “Polar bears first eat the fat of animals. Their main food time is from November to June.” Because to Novaya Zemlya lacks the ice and the bears were hungry, drag it to the settlements, the environmentalist. “Polar bears have a super good nose. They can smell food at a distance of up to 30 kilometers.”
life, How many polar bears around Novaya Zemlya, is unclear, says Klenze village. “There is a military zone. Since 2004, no scientific surveys.” In the Region there are large rubbish dumps on which the animals feed. The administration has recognized the Problem. Representatives of the authorities Schiganscha Musin said the Agency Interfax: “by 2020, we plan to eliminate all landfill completely, and to build an incinerator.”
The animals will now be scared away only once – before the authorities take long-term measures. “New bears from the noise of driving. You get used to but also due to the fact,” says Klenze village. Flares, pepper spray or electric fences according to your specifications as effectively. Villages would have to be fences and barriers are secured. It is important to eliminate waste and garbage dumps, shall be enclosed.
Nadezhda Wolf lives for seven years in the settlement Beluschja Guba on Novaya Zemlya in the Arctic ocean. Most recently, more than 50 bears were counted. The authorities declared the state of emergency. Wolf told the Online news portal of Medusa from an encounter with a bear, when she brought her daughter to the Kindergarten: “I grabbed the child and ran. I saw the small, beautiful eyes of the bear cubs. But I have never had so much fear.” There are now patrols to scare away the animals. “The bears have become less and less.”
“polar bears are dangerous. They are the largest land predators, and unpredictable,” explains WWF expert Klenze village that has, for years, the Russian bear. The animals on Novaya Zemlya had become accustomed to the people and learned that they find in the garbage cans at the houses lining. “If a 400-kilogram weight lean against a locked door, then opens it.” On the Internet there are Videos of the settlement, the show, like a bear walked through a hallway, past the parked stroller.
climate change will favour encounters with the people, says Flores. It would not surprise if it will in the future, expect more such cases. One reason is the increase in water temperature. In the Arctic, the sea water freeze because of the salt content in the case of minus 1.9 degrees. However, it should be become in the last few years a little warmer. “Ecologically speaking, the gigantic differences.”
The environmentalists from the WWF are concerned: “We have lost in the last 40 years, six times the area of Germany on the ice. Forecasts say that the Arctic will be by 2050 in the summer completely free of ice.” This will lead to conflicts between polar bears and people. Not only in the North of Russia, had it come to this – also in Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
The launch of the polar bear on the Russian double island is not only planned once. The animals belong to the endangered species. However, it should be possible to stun them and fly by plane to the ice, says Klenze village. However, this can be expensive. “I can’t imagine that they will fly all the polar bears.”