Estefanía is not expected that one can imagine the tragedy of her Venezuelan homeland, in Germany or elsewhere in Europe. Your view is sad and upset.
your words but speak volumes: “no Matter whether you’re rich or poor: The crisis hits you there every day brutally in the face.” Nine months ago, the 25-Year-old finally fed up: the food, drugs and water shortages, rampant crime, and arbitrary authority, the power failures, and the often kilometer-long queues in front of stores. She won a student visa and got on a plane to Spain. With a heavy heart, she left her parents. “I was in the circle of friends one of the last, has Packed the suitcase,” she says, in Madrid, the German press Agency.
is spoken in Europe about migrants, of people like Estefania is rarely heard. The current situation in the South American crisis, state also relates to Europe. The number of Venezuelans who applied for in one of the 28 EU member States, in Switzerland, in Liechtenstein, Norway or Iceland for asylum, has doubled in 2018 compared to the previous year, as data of the EU asylum Agency, Easo is clear. Accordingly, there were around 22,200 new. And the tendency is growing. In this year alone from January to April, more than 14,000.
The number of Venezuelans on the way to Europe, it had been growing longer and longer. In January 2015, there were only 25 people who were, for the first time an asylum application. In April 2019, more than 3500. What is the reason? And how big the load is for Europe?
Venezuela is suffering from a severe economic and political crisis. Around 4 million of the 31 million Venezuelans have left the country. Alone since November of last year returned, according to the UN refugee relief, one Million Venezuelans of their home to the back. The strengthened by the influx of the countries in the Region are affected. Around 1.3 million Venezuelans have settled in Colombia, low, Peru has taken 768.000 people. In Chile, Ecuador, Brazil and Argentina hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans life. The Numbers in Europe are rising – but few Venezuelans come here.
“The Situation is for Venezuela and South America is alarming,” says Catherine Woollard from the non-governmental organisation the European Council for refugees and Displaced persons. “In Europe, the Situation is only slightly. But there is the risk that political panic is.” Woolard warns of unnecessary concern. In the past year, Venezuelans have search only 4 percent of the asylum seekers in the EU are identified.
The once-rich Venezuela suffers from a severe supply crisis. Due to lack of foreign exchange, the country can introduce with the largest Oil reserves in the world of food, medicines and things of daily needs. Health care has largely collapsed, again and again it comes to a long electricity failure, diseases from spreading.
Venezuela is Paralyzed from the bitter power struggle between the head of state, Nicolás Maduro, and the self-appointed interim President, Juan Guaidó. An end to the crisis is not in sight.
Woolard calls, therefore, that the EU should focus on to stabilize the political and economic Situation on the ground. In addition, the Protection-seeking asylum should not be granted.
In Spain, meanwhile, is just the least Venezuelans asylum and a right to stay. Only a minority, approximately 400, has been granted “on humanitarian grounds” protection and residence permit. Estefania wants to make an asylum request, although her visa expires at the end of June. The journalist from the Venezuelan industrial metropolis of Valencia want to try it first on an extension of the visa and, in the longer term in your career to gain a foothold. A return to Venezuela, is so fast is not an Option. Although she misses home, and especially your parents. “My fear for you is mistaken.” When Estefanía, at the end, however, should not remain in Spain, wants to try it in South America.
Estefanía meets in Madrid, many of the country people. More and more. Because in Europe it is especially Spain that the consequences of the Venezuela-gets crisis. In the first three months of 2019 in 90 per cent of the applications were submitted. In Germany, only 1.5.
and for good reasons, the common language is crucial. Many Venezuelans are fleeing to Spain, and especially passports from Portugal and Italy. Or no EU passport. The are the worst off. You have to live with the uncertainty. But if Estefanía remember stories of fellow students, who were abducted in the home from their bedrooms and tortured for days – and presumably only because they are against the government – then you know you made the right decision.
A public debate about the increase in immigration from Venezuela in Spain. Not yet, you have to say maybe. So far, only the Elite of the Caribbean country was to Spain, and fled, the integrated quickly and easily. Then more and more, representatives of the rapidly shrinking middle class, as Estefanía, supported by their parents financially came.
For months, lots of Venezuelans come after reports in the media, but more and more nearly Central in the country. People like Andrés. The 28-Year-old back in Caracas, a woman and two small children. He has applied for asylum, work illegally in a suburb of Madrid, lives in a emigrants-WG with seven others, and saves the food from the mouth. As much money as possible he sends home. “I cry every night,” he says of the German press Agency.