at the Very top of the duration of Chancellor Angela Merkel, of course. But also Hiltrud Dorothea Werner, member of the management Board of Volkswagen AG. Or Thomas Krüger, Director of the Federal centre for political education.

Gerd Teschke, rector of the Hochschule Neubrandenburg, belong to the illustrious circle: all of you are children of the GDR, and they all have ascended in the re-United Germany in the top positions.

to exotics, The power to you, because according to a study by the University of Leipzig from the year 2016 people with East occupy the Background, only 1.7 percent of all considered positions of leadership in Germany. Their share in the population is however 17 percent. According to estimates by Raj Kollmorgen, a sociologist at the University of applied Sciences Zittau/Görlitz, in Saxony, has changed little: “It is a sad picture.”

Why is the three decades after the reunification, and what does that mean? It only sociologists do not worry. Are East Germans systematically disadvantaged? Or are they themselves to blame? You have not yet understood, such as career goes? Or not the one you want to the top?

Kollmorgen, looks at East German cultural discrimination during the ascent. “Many East Germans did not have the Habitus of the upper class, whose judgments of Taste and poise.” And at the Executive level of large companies and administrations, where careers are decided to be busy in General, just Western English.

But not only the economy, the universities are West German marked. None of the managers, was born in East Germany. This is the result of a study published by the centre for higher education development (CHE) on Thursday in Gütersloh. Universities like the one in Neubrandenburg were not evaluated.

Kollmorgen stresses, but also house-made causes. “We find in the East and in their families more often, a mentality of seeking safety.” Risk is discouraged, whatever its cause in the loss experience after the turn Because of will. Family members lost their Job, experienced a devaluation of their life’s achievement and importance loss. To watch the abysmal fall of former elites.

Werner, Krüger and Teschke were born in the 1960s and 1970s in the GDR and grew up with Erich Honecker, the Current camera, with a pioneering organisation and FDJ. You have learned to the part of the strange-sounding professions, such as skilled worker for textile technology or specialists for plastic and Elastverarbeitung. Then came the turn. How did you manage it anyway?

Teschke, born in Pasewalk, Born in 1972, today the rector of the Hochschule Neubrandenburg, studied after his Childhood in Western Pomerania, mathematics and business administration at the University of Potsdam, 2001 at the University of Bremen, a doctorate, and in 2006 habilitated. In between, he was in a foreign country. “My Maxim has always been: Look, what makes you happy, because if one makes a little bit of joy, you can develop great power,” he says. “At the University of Bremen I was regarded with beäugendem interest, according to the Motto: What is a Plant?” As a disadvantage, he had not perceived the but. “I never had the feeling, that would’ve been something in the way.”

Hiltrud Dorothea Werner, 1966 Bad Doberan in Mecklenburg born, studied, nor was the GDR-time Economics, a diploma in the turn of the year 1989 in Halle. In the mid-1990s, she came to BMW, went for the car manufacturer to the UK, took over after several career steps in January of 2016, finally, the management of the group internal audit Department of the Volkswagen AG, for the past two years, she sits on the Board of Directors.

Werner and Teschke have done with your departure, in the West it seems the Right thing to do. It was also recommend to young East Germans, today, only, says sociologist Kollmorgen. “Step out of the comfort zone, acquire different cultural capital, and breathes different mentalities.”

And what of the Commissioner for Eastern Germany, the Federal government, Christian shepherd (CDU) says? He complains that many West Germans knew little about the East. “If, after a location is searched, then only people together that come from the West are almost coming to the idea of what it could provide for excellent locations beyond the Elbe,” he said of the editors ‘ network Germany (RND/Thursday).

The path of Thomas Krüger, born in 1959 in the Thuringian town of Buttstädt and grew up on the Eastern outskirts of Berlin, was a little different than the one from Werner and Teschke. He was as a young man, about his political involvement in the turning time of the last councillor for home Affairs in East-Berlin before the reunification. Today he is head of the Federal centre for political education. The authority is “by and by Rhine”, when he started in 2000, he says. With him I have doubled the number of East Germans. Today, it is much mixed. “East-West no longer plays a role.”

Kruger looks to be East German even an advantage. You could improvise, adapt quickly to New set, today, in the globalised world, increasingly in demand, he is convinced.