Steep stone steps lead into the deep. Circular recesses through the walls. They are witnesses of the cylinder-shaped drill, the Lebanese Shia militia Hezbollah into the Stone and pushed, as the Israeli army says.

The Tunnel leads from the Lebanese village of Ramia dozens of meters into Israeli territory. He, therefore, is the biggest of the three underground passages that were dug into the hostile neighboring country.

According to the army, Hezbollah wanted to start using the tunnel, a large-scale attack on Israeli civilians. “We wanted to prove to the world that Hezbollah is digging the tunnels,” said army spokesman Jonathan Conricus. “We have pumped concrete from the one side, and he came out on the other side – evidence.” In the largest Tunnel, however, is sealed only the Lebanese side with concrete.

The underground path is 80 meters deep in the earth. Along the tunnel wall a kind of conveyor belt is to move goods. According to the army, there was also a ventilation system but was destroyed. A communication system was still largely intact.

Israel has found according to their own statements, since the end of last year, a total of six attack tunnels from Lebanon in the border area, three of which resulted in Israeli territory. At the end of may, the army destroyed to the last of the Tunnel.

The Hezbollah had rejected the Israeli allegations first. In January, Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah told the Lebanese TV channel Al-Mayadeen, some of the tunnels had already been more than ten years ago dug. The tunnels were only a small part of Hezbollah’s strategy, Israel will attack, if it should come to war. Currently not want to comment on the Hezbollah on request.

staff of the UN peacekeeping mission Unifil in Lebanon have confirmed the existence of the three tunnels that lead to Israel. According to Unifil, contrary to the Resolution of the UN security Council, with the 2006 war between Lebanon and Israel has ended.

at the Time, there was a month-long war between Israel and Hezbollah. On the Lebanese side, more than 1200 people were killed on the Israeli side, more than 160 soldiers and civilians. Officially, Israel, and neighboring Lebanon are in a state of war.

Daphne Richemond-Barak, a researcher and author of the book “Underground warfare” (underground warfare), not to be feared, that the Sealing of the Tunnel is sufficient and that the seal could be broken. “I’m Worried about what this means for the next ten years,” she says. Israel might be surprised by the radical Islamic Hamas in the Gaza strip or Hezbollah. “We will probably see more of these tunnels in the Golan heights.” The Golan heights are Israeli-occupied Syrian plateau.

Richemond-Barak is a senior lawyer at the Institute for anti-terrorism of the Interdisciplinary center (IDC) in the vicinity of Tel Aviv. In her book she deals with the use of tunnels as a weapon in conflicts.

Israel and Egypt have destroyed in the past already multiple tunnels of the Hamas in the Gaza strip, after Israel and Egypt. For protection against attack tunnels, Israel has been building a kilometer-long underground wall on the border with the Gaza strip.

According to the Israeli army, Hezbollah currently has around 120,000 missiles. These were almost two Times as many as at the time of the Lebanon war in 2006. The Hezbollah could attack with their missile targets in almost the whole of Israel.

In Germany, previously banned only the military wing of the radical Islamic organization. There are, however, claims that to be classified as a whole Hezbollah as a terrorist organization – as the US is doing. In the last week, the Bundestag had discussed a ban on the application of the right-wing populist Alternative for Germany (AfD).

expert Richemond-Barak complains of a “lack of understanding in Europe of what Hezbollah really is. Yes, there are social components, but there is no difference to the military wing.” There were also a Hezbollah Minister in the Lebanese government.