The time of the Northern Irish civil war would be forgotten Mervyn Johnston favorite. “I’ve been chased a few Times in the air,” says the 79-year-old Northern Irishman with a quiet voice. Johnston is sitting in the office of his car repair shop with a view on the bridge over the little river Termon, which separates the Irish part of the 600 inhabitants of the village of Pettigo from Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland belongs to the UK. Earlier posts on both sides of the border. It should 29. March is no agreement about the EU exit of the British, they could return again soon.

Johnston suggests, with the Hand on a hall. “The main workshop is flown two Times in the air,” he says. No one was injured. “I’m lucky that I’m still here.” The target of the Catholic underground organization, IRA Johnston, because he is a Reservist as a Protestant at the beginning of the 1970s, in a unit of the British army. However, even in the post office in Pettigo was once found a bomb. When you Defuse a British soldier was killed.

3700 people died during the civil war

The border was as a Symbol of the division again and again the target of attacks in the three decades of civil war that cost about 3700 people. This Catholic proponents of a unification of Ireland fought against the British army and Protestant loyalists. He had been very glad when the nightmare took place, and the good Friday agreement of 1998 to an end, says Johnston.

Now, almost 50 years later, by the Brexit, the shadow of the past. “There are a few individuals that are just waiting for an excuse, so that this Trouble starts again from the beginning,” he says, and is reminiscent of a car bomb in Londonderry a few weeks ago.

there are Still armed groups in Northern Ireland, the hope of a resumption of the conflict new legitimacy and money. The boundaries between the Militants of both sides, and the under-world, have always been fluent. Drug trafficking and smuggling are important sources of income for the paramilitaries, and particularly the smuggling could be the outlet in accordance with the EU-the UK and the Apply of duties significantly more lucrative. It is as bad as we once were, don’t believe Johnston, but if there is no agreement, it would have to checks, since he is sure.

Ireland’s economy could get 15 years

suffering A foretaste has already James Gallagher. The 60-Year-old runs a small supermarket in the Irish part of Pettigo. Recently, he received a postcard from the government in Dublin. He should have been from the North of Ireland, would have to be filled out for this may soon import declarations, it said. Gallagher shakes his head: For such a small company such as his to make little sense. He will probably just quit the contract with his Northern Irish suppliers, and fruit and vegetables from Ireland.


James Gallagher will order for his supermarket probably no more Goods from Northern Ireland. Too much paperwork, says the 60-Year-old.

©Christoph Meyer DPA

Although London and Dublin emphasize again and again that they want to prevent a hard border at any price. But what happens if there is no agreement, is still unclear. “I think this is one of those things that you don’t want to Express because of the fear that they could be true,” says the Economics Professor Brian Lucey from Trinity College in Dublin. The reality is, however, that checks in case of a withdrawal of Britain from the customs Union is essential.

Economically, believes Lucey, would be a No-Deal-Brexit for Ireland, although hard, but not a disaster. For decades, Dublin is working to reduce the economic dependency of the United Kingdom. This development will accelerate, Lucey. Ireland would probably lose over a period of 15 years, seven percent growth. That would be a third of the damage that the financial and economic crisis of 2008/09.

to 50,000 jobs are at the game

to digest Severe the job losses would be. It is expected that up to 50,000 jobs could be lost in Ireland due to a No-Deal-Brexit, because he would be particularly labour-intensive sectors such as agriculture. “This is highly problematic in an economy with two to three million workers,” says Lucey. Nevertheless, it was not the disaster that made the Brexit advocates in the United Kingdom to the Faith of course, Dublin would give in at the end.

questions and answers


Terror in Northern Ireland, the United Kingdom disintegrates the bad Brexit-without the need for a “Backstop”

Dieter Hoß

more Controversial, a No is expected to be a Deal politically. How will it take the population, if the United Kingdom on the 29. March without agreement from the EU crashes and the governments on both sides reintroduce border controls? Anyway, this would be a Herculean task: The approximately 500-kilometre-long border, the BBC, about 270 border crossings. More than twice as many as the longest border in the world between the United States and Canada.

The proposals of various British politicians, to monitor the traffic of goods by means other than border controls – for example, with technological – sick all because they work without the cooperation of the exporters or importers. Those who do not declare their Goods properly, can not be detected.

But even if the United Kingdom on the 29. March, with an agreement from the EU ceases to be, is the question of how a limit in the future can be prevented, only postponed. London should be like the European customs Union and the single market, announced there is yet no Alternative to checks.

Brussels will not give in to the Brexit

This is the reason why Brussels and Dublin insist on the in London hated Backstop. This is a scheme that the UK leaves as a Whole in the customs Union and Northern Ireland, in Parts of the internal market, until a better solution is found. But now there are not even seven weeks until the Brexit and the fronts are hardened, both in the Parliament in London, as well as between the British government and Brussels. On Tuesday, the British Prime Minister, Theresa May, requested by Parliament, is once more time for renegotiations on the Brexit Treaty. However, that Brussels will give in to, is considered to be as good as excluded.


The barracks on the Irish side of the village of Pettigo once served as a border post

©Christoph Meyer, DPA,

What will happen? The mother of store owner James Gallagher in Pettigo, with 87 years behind der cash register sits, points to a dilapidated barracks on the opposite side of the road. “The border will open up a new post.”

What will happen? The mother of store owner James Gallagher in Pettigo, which sits at 87 years, is still behind the cash register, pointing to a dilapidated barracks on the opposite side of the road. “The border will open up a new post.”

sos / Christoph Meyer / DPA

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Teodora Torrendo is an investigative journalist and is a correspondent for European Union. She is based in Zurich in Switzerland and her field of work include covering human rights violations which take place in the various countries in and outside Europe. She also reports about the political situation in European Union. She has worked with some reputed companies in Europe and is currently contributing to USA News as a freelance journalist. As someone who has a Masters’ degree in Human Rights she also delivers lectures on Intercultural Management to students of Human Rights. She is also an authority on the Arab world politics and their diversity.