Careful, David Karl on to the classified four vases in various earth tones with a narrow neck and a big belly size.
That they act completely unspectacular, is a sign of the success of the scientist in the field of ceramic materials at the Technical University of Berlin (TU). Because Karl and his colleagues have made the vases out of the Martian Sand. Or, more accurately, from “Mars simulants Material” as the material scientists called the volcanic earth, the chemical with the soil on the Red planet, comparable.
a large white tub with a Nasa Emblem and customs stickers Karl draws with a plastic scoop of the raw material and let him back in the bucket trickle. The dusty content originates from Hawaii and is a process “quite difficult,” the researcher says. Numerous Attempts and many broken vases it took him until he was able to bring the Material in the Form of.
researchers Karl is not a space travel expert. For him, it is rather a matter of principle, to try such as could be produced on site from existing materials and objects. “Mars is so far away that you can’t take it with there.” Seven months of travel with the current technical possibilities take. That you have decided on the Institute for vases, location of cultural and historical significance of the item has been manufactured for Thousands of years by different peoples. Vases from the Pseudo-Mars-Sand, a kind of “Gag for the Public is,” says Karl.
Attempts as in the case of researchers, David Karl, it is not only in Berlin, says Ex-Astronaut Thomas Reiter in an interview with the German press Agency. He is now the European space Agency (Esa) as a consultant. According to rider’s scientists in a larger Format in the Amsterdam test, such as moon rock, using the sun can be baked in radiation. And at the astronaut centre in Cologne, experts are currently building an analog station. There, you want to simulate the Situation on the moon and the Rock on the heart and kidneys to examine.
The Use of local matter on other planets or the moon, scientists call In Situ Resource Utilization. “Without such projects, we would do it difficult for us to efficiently move forward,” says Reiter. If he missed a Vase on his world rumspazier courses? At least the option to burn to Mars bricks, thought rider quite practical: “can protect devices, for example, from micro-meteorites”.
in addition, Reiter argues for a little Luggage for missions. Recycling plays a big role. Currently, 70 percent of the water in space stations would then be processed again. This could, however, still be improved, and other alleged wastes should be used efficiently. From carbon dioxide, for example, methane could be used as a fuel and oxygen to Breathe won. Technically, the solvable, the Ex-Astronaut for sure.
Up to but at all people could land on Mars, it still takes: Currently, the Esa is working to bring a Rover on Mars. Several of these robots has set the US space Agency Nasa on the planet in 2020 will come from another.
In cooperation with the Russian space Agency Roscosmos, the Esa has been working for a couple of years ago, the space probe project, ExoMars. The Rover is a robot the size of a small car – so that could easily roll over the surface of Mars, Tests must be made. Here, too, the Pseudo-Martian soil.
Up to manned missions it takes at least two decades, tap the tab. For this it is necessary to take some technical hurdles. To shorten, for example, the time to travel, or to protect the astronauts from cosmic radiation.
In the Berlin laboratory in any case, the Instructions for the Mars-vases. A flaw in the would-be space vessels, though: Karl, pours a drink of water in the narrow neck. Slowly, the soil turns dark brown, then it starts to drop. “Even you are not dense”. For cut flowers, the vessels are so far unsuitable. At the TU Karl and his colleagues continue to work on the improvement of the material.
at the beginning of 2019 have been announced, a Chinese researcher, you have the first Plant on the moon to grow. The cultural history of the Vase could continue also in the space. To have the Mars sand-vessels, the scientists published to Karl a Paper in which you write of the “colonization” of the red planet. For riders, this is but a distant music of the future.