for the First time since a long time Germany has come in the year 2018 in the area of climate protection. Greenhouse gas emissions decreased according to a forecast by the Federal environment Agency by more than four percent.
This, however, was the impact of the mild winter and the Super-summer. There is less coal, Oil, and Gas was burned. In addition, the generation of electricity from renewable energies such as wind and solar power plants has increased.
Overall, in the last year 868,7 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions were about 38 million tons, or 4.2 percent less than in the previous year, as on Tuesday presented a forecast calculation of the Federal environment Agency.
This Stagnation had been reached after four years again for the first time, a significant reduction in the emissions compared to the previous year. Germany threatens but, regardless of its national climate targets fail to 2020 more clearly.
Significant declines in emissions, there was, according to the forecast in the energy sector. This was also due to the fact that coal-fired power plants were received from the network. Germany wants to get off until the end of 2038 step out of the climate-damaging coal-fired power generation.
the consequences of the hot summer resulted in the decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. Prolonged drought had led to low water levels of many rivers. In many cases, the cargo ship could not navigate the rivers, which led to oil shortages and higher prices. Many customers are likely to have moved, according to the Ministry of the environment, therefore, the purchase of heating Oil in the year 2019. The mild Winter meant that there was a lower fuel requirement.
Also in the transport sector, greenhouse gas emissions decreased slightly – this is a turnaround, because in the past few years, the emissions were not decreased. An explanation could be, according to the Ministry of the environment higher prices for gasoline and Diesel and consequently reduced consumption. Especially the traffic is in the area of climate protection is currently the focus of the political debate. It is still a long way to reach the climate targets by 2030.
One of the Federal government-appointed Commission had drawn up proposals for a package of measures. A price for emissions of the main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO2), which would make the Driving of cars with high fuel consumption, expensive. However, the Commission put emphasis on socially responsible design. Also the environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD) is for a CO2 price with a social balance, this, however, is in the coalition’s controversial.
According to the forecast for the year 2018, Germany has reduced its emissions compared to 1990 to 30.6 percent. By 2030 the emissions must be reduced in accordance with the objectives of the Federal government, but to at least 55 percent.
The Federal government wants to decide this year, a climate protection law. Environment Minister Schulze wants firm targets for each Department – this but met resistance in the European Union.
Schulze said 2018 was in the climate policy a particular year. On the one hand, it has been shown by the drought in the summer of that climate change will noticeable. On the other hand, Germany was doing in the area of climate protection progress. “But still to be significantly faster.”
environmental groups have called on the Federal government to make more efforts. Energy expert Michael shepherd, from the environmental organisation WWF said the slight decrease in greenhouse gas emissions is additional climate thanks to the protection measures, but rather to a mild Winter and, at times, more expensive Oil. Necessary for an effective climate protection act is now.
the German environmental aid (DUH) ambitious CO2 reduction targets for all sectors. “With the heat of the summer of 2018, we have become a witness of climate change – the carbon footprint of Germany look more beautiful than she is,” said DUH-expert Constantin Zerger. The mild weather has led to significantly less heated. “Now on to the seemingly nice balance of rest, would be fatal.”