Nearly 30 years after the fall of the Berlin wall remains in Germany, according to a new study a Land of contrasts.
unlike in the past, a disruption in economic power and demographics don’t show, but primarily in a distinctive East-West divide, said co-author Reiner Klingholz from the Berlin Institute for population and development in the capital. Rather, develop a North-South Drift, nationwide is a strong contrast between city and country.
The study, entitled “The demographic state of the Nation” is the fourth update of the independent Berlin Institute, on this topic – after 2004, 2006 and 2011. According to the new study, Germany is experiencing thanks to a small baby boom, and immigration, a demographic between the high.
83 million people a record that will not shrink in 2035, even large then, said Klingholz. “However, the regional turmoil between the prosperous aggravate large cities and remote and structurally weak regions.” The new “poor house” of Germany was the Ruhr, while Eastern German cities such as Berlin, Leipzig or Dresden started.
the Clear loser with look at the pure population numbers of the East. So vast regions between Rügen and the Erzgebirge according to the forecast, will lose in the next two decades, every fifth inhabitant. But so black-and-white as before, the image is no more. The Exodus from East Germany was stopped since 2013, said Klingholz. Leipzig is, according to the study, today, the fastest growing city in the Republic.
the West is weakening. A descent to the authors of the Ruhr area, also in the Saarland, the former location of the coal and heavy industry. These rural regions were at the former inner-German border, in the South and on the coasts.
In the länder Ranking of the study, in addition to the demography, economy, education and family-friendliness as a Parameter, show such shifts: the growing Berlin, which attracts many young people is one of the large ascenders – in addition to Thuringia and Saxony. On the top of Baden-Württemberg claims, but to place two of Hamburg has overtaken as the city-state of Bavaria. The conclusion of the light of Saxony-Anhalt, the penultimate rank of the Saarland are occupied.
their study, the authors understand as food for thought to the policy. “The promotion with the watering can is a waste of money,” says Klingholz. “The reality is a variety. Equivalence does not create.” It is going to accept the Shrinking of the land and make it plan. The future lies in the cities. And to admit of further immigration it is not only because of the future shortage of labour is no Alternative.