In Indonesia, has begun on Wednesday the presidential election. In the third largest democracy in the world, the head of state Joko Widodo is committed to a further five-year term. His opponent, former General Prabowo Subianto.
Both were already in the 2014 election. The polls show that the incumbent is a clear favorite. First results are expected in the course of Wednesday. The official result should, however, be available only in may.
In the South-East Asian state, with its more than 17 000 Islands with a total of 193 million people are called to vote. Indonesia is the most populous Muslim country in the world. In addition, it belongs to the group of major industrial and emerging countries (G20). Parallel to the decision of the head of state, the Parliament as well as provincial and municipal elected representatives.
The acting President in Indonesia, mostly “Jokowi” – was in the last polls. With 57 years, the former Governor of Jakarta is ten years younger than the Challenger Prabowo, a former son-in-law of longtime dictator Suharto. However, the fronts are not as clear as in 2014: at that Time, Joko was celebrated as a beacon of hope and as the “Indonesian Obama”.
Five years later, Joko has disappointed some. In the election campaign, he tried to score points with infrastructure projects such as the construction of roads and airports, as well as a subway for Jakarta. Prabowo was a man of the people, against the “Jakarta-Elite”. In fact, the spread of prosperity in the giant country with more than 260 million inhabitants, is extremely unequal. On Wednesday, Prabowo was optimistic: “We hope and pray that today’s election will be fair and peaceful.”
In comparison to 2014, the Religion played a larger role. Indonesia, where nearly 90 percent of the population are of the Muslim faith, long for a tolerant Form of Islam. Meanwhile, conservative forces have gained considerably in influence. Joko is accused of not being Islamic enough. This Time he took on the conservative clergy Ma’ruf Amin as Deputy.
on the other side, is placed to the President to be a burden to have in the field of human rights has done too little. These executions despite international protests, but also the mood-mongering against homosexuals is on the rise again. Also, corruption is widespread in Indonesia is still far, although Joko had declared the fight against it one of its main objectives.