Egypt’s Parliament has agreed to a further Expansion of the Power of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and the military.
A Two-thirds majority of the 596 members decided changes to the Constitution that extended the term of office of the heads of state by 2030, as the state news website Al-reported Ahram. The President also receives the right to occupy high Offices in the judiciary. Human rights activists warn that Changes the people will get worse legal situation. Critics had already been in the run-up to under pressure.
The consent to the amendments to the Constitution was carried out initially by a show of hands. In the evening the deputies were about to vote final roll-call vote on all the Changes in the package. The approval of Al-Sisi-supporters-dominated Parliament is considered to be safe.
a Little more than eight years ago, mass demonstrations in Tahrir square in Cairo that overthrew Egypt’s longtime autocratic ruler Hosni Mubarak. The loud cheers from back then is fades in with German tourists, a popular country, however, for a long time.
Instead, the activists, the opposition and people complain about rights activists, Egypt will be governed under the 64-year-old Al-Sisi of authoritarian as the worst of the Mubarak era. Tens of thousands sit in prison for political reasons. Freedom of the press and demonstration are considerably restricted.
With the amendments to the Constitution, the Parliament is now also the influence of the President on the judiciary. He sits in the future, a High judicial Council and shall also appoint the Prosecutor General and the Chairman of the Supreme constitutional court. The role of the already influential members of the military should be strengthened. The constitutional amendments saw that the army was officially given the task “to protect the Constitution and democracy”.
Al-Sisi is to the outside as the father of the country who wants to lead Egypt allegedly in the direction of more democracy. His supporters argue that the Changes were necessary to maintain stability in troubled times. Again and again the head of state, an Ex-General justifies its harsh policies with the threat of terrorism in the North of the Sinai, where an offshoot of the IS-terrorist militia is active.
The Berlin-based Stiftung Wissenschaft und politik (SWP), in an analysis, however, to the conclusion, “the Almighty armed forces,” were the amendments to the Constitution “also formally, on the Constitution”. So rampant in Egypt is the concern that the military could intervene more easily if something goes against their will. “The militarisation of the state is so forced,” writes the SWP.
The human rights organization Amnesty International warns, at the same time, civilians could now land more often in front of military courts. The conclusion of Amnesty is clear: the amendments to The Constitution would give Al-Sisi and the security forces a free Hand “to need their Power more miss and peaceful protests for years to stop”.
the President did not owe his rise last demonstrations. In the summer of 2013, the Egyptians moved to mass protests against the freely elected Islamist Mohammed Morsi on the street. Under the leadership of then-Army chief Al-Sisi, the military took advantage of the opportunity to overthrow the unpopular head of state. Afterwards, Al-Sisi won by a large majority two steering options. Most recently, he took in the spring of last year, 97 percent of the votes – all of the potentially dangerous candidates had turned off the leadership of the country before the vote.
the second term of The 64-Year-olds would actually 2022. The amendments to the Constitution to extend this for a further two years and give him the opportunity of a re-election for six years. Two years ago, Al-Sisi had insisted in an Interview, not a third term, and an amendment to the Constitution excluded. He referred in an Interview to the will of the people: It was not for him as President, “a day” to remain against it in the office, he told the US channel CNBC.
the will of The Volkers to be officially respected by a Referendum on the constitutional changes in the next few weeks. A Yes of the voters is considered to be safe. However, observers do not expect a free vote. “In the face of 60,000 political prisoners, the systematic use of torture and gender-switched media a free and fair ballot is impossible”, warns the SWP. During the debate on the constitutional changes in the Parliament critical of the deputies had been subjected to “dirty campaigns”.